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How to choose the best face mask filter, according to experts

Medical professionals say using a filter provides an additional layer of protection from airborne particles.
Woman replacing a face mask filter in her cloth facemask
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/ Source: TODAY

We're pretty used to wearing face coverings while out and about at this point. So, by now, you might have noticed that several masks have a small slot to place a filter for extra protection. Adding a filter in between the layers of your face mask can help further block airborne particles and can offer some much needed reassurance during these uncertain times.

Luckily, you don't have to spend a fortune on face mask filters, as there are several budget-friendly options available online. To help you get started, Shop TODAY consulted a few health experts to learn what filter materials are most effective, how often you should swap them out and where you can buy them online.

Why you should use a filter in your face mask

When used in conjunction with social distancing practices, cloth face masks can help slow the spread of coronavirus, especially with the omicron variant spreading across the country. However, not all masks are created equally, and some offer more protection than others.

"Homemade masks use various cloth materials that are all much looser weave than a medical-grade mask, such as an N95, but those masks need to be reserved for hospital use and health care professionals who cannot maintain social distancing with patients under their care," said Dr. Ruth L. Bush, M.D. and associate dean of medical education and a professor at the University of Houston College of Medicine.

Thicker, tightly woven materials offer more protection, and face masks should ideally have two cloth layers to make them more effective. If you're wearing a mask made of a thin fabric, adding another layer in the form of a filter can provide added protection.

"Many masks available for purchase online have a pocket or pouch in which you could add a filter. Masks that have a looser weave, are more porous or made of very thin fabric may protect others better with the addition of a filter," Bush said.

What to look for in a face mask filter

Experts also say household staples like coffee filters and paper towels can double as face mask filters in a pinch by being inserted in between layers of fabric, but should be replaced after each use. For more substantial protection, many brands have offered filters online.

"When placed in between the layers — such as with a pocket style opening allowing for insertion and removal — you could insert a filter which will make the mask more effective and provide extra protection against allowing viral particles into the air when you talk, cough or breathe," Bush said.

Of course, filters and face masks aren't the only way to protect yourself and others against coronavirus, but they sure can help. "Research has shown that some loosely woven masks only block 10-20% of particles, but by adding one or more layers of filter material, higher percentages of particles could be blocked," Bush said. As long as it fits correctly.

"If your glasses are fogging up, then the material is not allowing air to flow through and your breath is going up, around the filter and out the sides of your mask," Bush said.

Below are top-rated and expert-picked filter options for face masks.

Where to buy filters online

Caraa Universal Adult Mask Filters, 25 Count

Caraa's mask filters are laser-cut to fit perfectly, making it easy to remove so you can wash the cloth portion of your mask as often as you need to. The brand says the P99 filters used are able to filter out 99% of airborne particles, so it's a great choice for those that don't have access to N95 or KN95 masks.

MERV16 Filter

"The higher the MERV [Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value] value, the more efficient the filter will be in trapping airborne particles," Dr. David M. Aronoff, M.D. and director of Vanderbilt University Medical Center's Division of Infectious Diseases said. These lightweight filters are made of one of the highest MERV values, and they fit comfortably in cotton face mask filter pouches.

GIR Disposable Custom Filter

The brand says these filters were tested to achieve 99.7% bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE). This filter is made with several layers — two outer polypropylene layers to block large particles, two inner nonwoven fabric layers to block smaller droplets and an enclosed layer of spunbond polypropylene to block droplets you exhale.

MERV13 Reusable Filters

"This type of filter is probably most useful for people who will be having sustained or frequent close contacts with other people, particularly people who are not themselves wearing any type of mask," Aronoff said. These filters can block particles smaller than one micron in size.

Steve Madden Mask Filters

This PM 2.5 activated carbon (also known as activated charcoal) filter blocks up to 95% of airborne particles — everything from germs and dust to chemicals and pollen — thanks to several strong layers, including a high-efficiency filter cloth and an anti-stick cloth. "A tighter filter can help prevent inhaling small droplets in the air we breathe," Aronoff said.

Vida Protective Mask Replacement Filters

Five layers of fabric band together to create this PM 2.5 activated carbon filter. The brand says the material is effective at filtering chemicals and gasses and can serve as a nice face mask filter, as long as the mask is tightly woven.

3D Print-Knit Mask Filter Pack

After testing these filters, global lab Nelson Labs found that they provide more than 95% BFE, which helps block harmful particles in the air.

"The virus spreads through respiratory droplets that another person breathes in or that land on a surface that is then touched and transferred to the person’s nose or mouth," Bush said.

Ouba Activated Carbon Filter

These activated carbon filter inserts are currently the No. 1 bestselling option on Amazon. With five layers of filtration, these breathable filters can also be used with face masks for outdoor activities.

Athleta Made to Move Mask Insert

While these inserts were specially made for Athleta's face masks, they also fit nicely inside other non-medical face masks. They are designed to be breathable and lightweight. The brand recommends replacing when it becomes hard to breathe through the mask.

MERV13 Disposable Filter

These MERV13 filters can be trimmed to fit in both adult and kids' masks with filter pockets. The charge of the fabric is meant to attract particles and trap them to efficiently filter the air through the mask. According to the product description, these specific filters are also hydrophobic, so they won't absorb moisture over prolonged periods of time.

Activated Carbon Filter

These filters have five layers, including an activated charcoal layer and two anti-stick cloth layers so the filter won't get caught on your mask when inserting or replacing. As with any other filter, just make sure you test it with your mask and make sure air flows freely and does not go around the filter, as Bush warned.

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This story was originally published on June 1, 2020.