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If you've ever struggled with blackheads, you know how annoying they can be.
The acne type forms when pores are clogged with oils and sebum that oxidize and turn dark in color once exposed to air. And if you have blackheads, you're probably guilty of picking at them every now and then. No judgment — they’re super tempting to try and squeeze out. But is that doing more harm than good? Or is that another one of those beauty myths we need to stop believing?
TODAY Style spoke with Dr. Paul M. Friedman, director of the Dermatology & Laser Surgery Center in Houston, and Dr. Diane S. Berson, a New York City-based dermatologist and former president of The Women’s Dermatologic Society, about how to safely and effectively remove pesky blackheads.
The safest way to remove a blackhead is by seeing your dermatologist.
Both Berson and Friedman say not to remove a blackhead yourself as you can cause more harm than good. “Picking your acne just pushes the inflammation deeper and causes the follicle to rupture, turning simple clogged follicles into inflamed, red and angry acne,” said Friedman.
They both agree that the best solution is to go to a dermatologist who will properly remove it through chemical peels, microdermabrasion and/or extractions. “We commonly perform chemical peels with salicylic acid, glycolic acid or lactic acid in addition to microdermabrasion to remove sticky skin cells and unblock pores, thus reducing acne formation,” he said.
If you do squeeze a blackhead yourself, remember to gently push, cleanse and wear sunscreen.
We’re only human and sometimes the temptation to take matters into our own hands gets the better of us. So if you do decide to remove a blackhead yourself, Berson stresses the importance of doing it gently and not squeezing. Afterward, she says to clean the area with a mild cleanser — maybe even one that contains salicylic acid — and pat the area dry. Apply a retinoid on it during your nighttime skin care routine to help it heal. She also recommends using a mask with sulfur to calm any irritation.
Friedman strongly urges using a sunscreen with an SPF 30 or higher to prevent hyperpigmentation.
Make salicylic acid, retinoids and noncomedogenic ingredients your best friend.
To prevent blackheads from forming in the future, it’s important to look for skin care ingredients that will help keep pores clear of sebum or debris. Both Berson and Friedman agree that salicylic acid and retinoids are key to doing that.
“The foundation of any acne treatment regimen involves a topical retinoid,” Friedman said. “Salicylic acid decreases bacterial counts, removes surface skin cells and decreases comedone formation by exfoliating the skin.”
Berson adds that it's best to avoid noncomedogenic ingredients (topicals that will clog pores) and heavy or greasy products that can worsen blackheads. Opt for products that are labeled “oil-free,” especially if you have oily skin, she said.
Friedman and Berson shared their favorite products for blackhead-plagued skin.
- 1. Clarisonic Mia Smart Bluetooth Sonic Cleansing Face Brush, $199, Amazon
Also available at Sephora.
Friedman recommends cleansing brushes like the Clarisonic as they remove makeup, pollution, dirt and sebum better than your hands.
- 2. SkinMedica Purifying Foaming Wash, $44, Amazon
Also available at Dermstore.
This is one of the gentle cleansers Friedmans recommends to patients with oily and acne-prone skin. It contains salicylic acid and salix nigra bark extract to exfoliate and reduce the number of acne blemishes.
- 3. EltaMD UV Clear Facial Sunscreen, $33, Amazon
Friedman suggests those with acne-prone skin us this sunscreen. It contains niacinamide and both hyaluronic and lactic acid to hydrate skin and keep pores unclogged.
- 4. Differin Adapalene Gel 0.1 percent Acne Treatment, $13, Walmart
Also available at Target.
This topical retinoid dramatically decreases acne almost immediately. You’ll want this in your beauty arsenal when fighting blackheads, according to both doctors.
- 5. Dermalogica Clear Start Blackhead Clearing Fizz Mask, $21, Amazon
Also available at Nordstrom.
Made with sulfur, kaolin clay and apple extract, this mask decongests skin and help facilitate blackhead extractions. Its fizzing formula will keep skin clear while also hydrating it.