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Martians take Quito, or so we thought

In my case it was a visual clue. I watched the trailer for Steven Spielberg's "War of the Worlds" and suddenly was transported back to February 12, 1949, the night the Martians landed in my hometown of Quito, the capital of Ecuador. In that now-distant year, Quito was a small city of 250,000. Set high in the Andes, next to a volcano and surrounded by snow-capped mountains, it retained its Spanish
/ Source: NBC News

In my case it was a visual clue. I watched the trailer for Steven Spielberg's "War of the Worlds" and suddenly was transported back to February 12, 1949, the night the Martians landed in my hometown of Quito, the capital of Ecuador.

In that now-distant year, Quito was a small city of 250,000. Set high in the Andes, next to a volcano and surrounded by snow-capped mountains, it retained its Spanish colonial charm with white-washed houses, narrow streets and magnificent churches.

I was a 9-year-old school girl and lived with my parents and two sisters in the old colonial downtown area.

In that pre-TV era, our main sources of entertainment were the occasional movie and the radio.

Our favorite station was Radio Quito. It ran music programs and the best soap operas or "radio-novelas" as we called them. The station had news, but that was for the grown-ups.

In 1949 two programming executives at Radio Quito, in search of cutting-edge entertainment, decided to air an Ecuadorian version of "War of the Worlds."

Never mind that when Orson Welles aired the program in the United States in 1938 it created widespread panic and led thousands to believe that invading Martians were spreading death and destruction throughout New Jersey and New York. The panic persisted despite an announcement at the top of the broadcast that this was just a dramatization of the H.G. Wells classic story.

But 11 years later in Quito the broadcasters made no such announcement. A serious mistake.

‘Reporters’ spread panic

On that fateful night most of Quito's homes were tuned in to our favorite station. A famous duo performed an Ecuadorian folk song, but halfway through the performance an announcer broke in with urgent news. He said that Martian flying saucers had landed in Latacunga, a town about 25 miles south of Quito.

Breathlessly, he proclaimed that Martians with their "death rays" had destroyed Latacunga and that the alien hordes were now headed for Quito.

A "reporter" then did a remote report from Cotocollao, the area near the Quito airport, relating how the Martians had overtaken the Ecuadorian Air Force base and destroyed it. This "remote" ended abruptly as the "reporter" gasped for air as a cloud of "deadly gas" enveloped him.

Another "reporter" claiming to be on top "La Previsora" bank building, at six stories the tallest in Quito, described the "monsters" wreaking destruction on their path toward the city.

To further add to the "magical realism" of the event, actors impersonating government officials issued "communiqués" asking women and children to evacuate the city and able-bodied men to remain to fight the invaders.

Chaos ensued

Panic overtook Quito. Police and firefighters were dispatched to the airport area to confront the aliens.

Men, women and children, still in their night clothes, took to the streets. Some tried to leave the city, others sought shelter in the many churches that opened their doors.

Convinced that this was "el fin del mundo" — "the end of the world" —thousands tried to confess their sins to overwhelmed priests.

One priest allegedly instructed a group of faithful to confess their sins aloud so that he could grant them a mass absolution. Many did so and confessed to infidelities and other transgressions within hearing distance of their spouses and neighbors.

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Too far

It took a while but finally the programming executives at Radio Quito realized that their re-creation of Orson Welles' "War of the Worlds" stunt had gone too far.

They announced that this was a dramatization, that it was all fiction, that there were no Martians and Quito was safe.

But instead of calming troubled waters, the announcement fueled tremendous outrage among the populace.

A mob marched to the building that housed both Radio Quito and the main Quito newspaper El Comercio. They threw rocks and some brought gasoline and set the building on fire.

About 100 people were working in the newspaper offices and the radio station. They had to escape by jumping out of windows or leaping over to neighboring buildings.



The firefighters and police were delayed in arriving because they had to make their way back from the airport area where they had gone to fight off the "Martians."



The fire was finally put out, but the building was destroyed. Tragically, six people died. And one can only imagine how many families were torn apart by the mass confessions of infidelities and other sins.

Slept through the night

And in our home, we slept through it.

When the news announcement interrupted the musical program my sisters and I decided to go to bed. Remember, we thought news was boring.

My parents listened for a while, my father vaguely remembered having read about what happened in New Jersey, and when the disclaimers were eventually made, they also went to bed.

The following day, a Sunday, we woke with no paper and no radio.

We went to mass and then walked to look at the smoking ruins of Radio Quito and El Comercio.



Eventually they were rebuilt and remain to this day. In the aftermath of the tragedy there were stories of several divorces, separations, and lawsuits as a consequence of information obtained through the mass confessions.

The radio Quito programming executives lost their jobs and were indicted. As for the Quiteños — they earned a new nickname for a while, other Ecuadorians called them "Los Marcianos" — "The Martians.”

And fears of another Martian invasion were put to rest in 1955 by Cuban composer Rosendo Ruiz Oquendo who wrote "Los Marcianos llegaron ya" or "The Martians have already arrived.” The popular tune describes the Martians as a happy go lucky group who leave their space-ship dancing the rica-cha, the Martian version of the cha-cha-cha. It became a dance hit throughout Latin America.