Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke on Thursday said it was "unfair" to blame U.S. monetary policy for pushing up inflationary pressures in emerging market economies.
"It's entirely unfair to attribute excess demand pressures in emerging markets to U.S. monetary policy because emerging markets have all the tools they need to address excess demand in those countries," Bernanke told an audience at the National Press Club in Washington.
Some analysts have blamed the Fed's quantitative easing for flooding the global economy with money and helping to drive prices for food and other commodities higher.
Policymakers in a number of emerging markets have also argued the Fed's easy monetary policy has undercut the U.S. dollar and sparked a potentially inflationary flood of private capital into their markets.
Bernanke repeated that Fed's monetary policy is aimed at stimulating domestic growth, adding that no one could argue the U.S. economy was overheating.
The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization Food Price Index on Thursday touched its highest level since records began in 1990 as rising food prices showed no sign of relenting, prompting concerns of social unrest.
"Some of the emerging markets are facing inflationary pressures because their own economies are growing perhaps even faster than their capacity," Bernanke said.
He said higher food prices were stoked by increasing consumer demand in emerging economies for such things as meat.
"As people's diets are becoming more sophisticated and as they eat more beef and less grains and so on, the demand for food and energy rise and that's the primary long-term factor affecting the real price of commodity and food," Bernanke said.