In recent years, online legal sites like LegalZoom.com have emerged that give you the tools to act as your very own lawyer. The sites offer simple, tailored questionnaires that run you through a series of questions, dropdowns and checkboxes. You fill it out online, pay a fee (substantially lower than any lawyer would charge) and then just wait for your documents to arrive in the mail.
It's certainly faster and cheaper than hiring a lawyer, but is it better? That's what we wanted to find out. We spoke with three different attorneys, each an expert in his or her field, to get the full skinny on "going legal" online.
Where there's a will, there's a way
"Absolutely not a good idea," says Julie Min Chayet, managing director and trust counsel at Fiduciary Trust Company International. In terms of a will, Chayet says there is just no way a simple online form can satisfy a client's expectations to deliver the specific type of legal document needed. From guardianship to religious upbringing to distribution of assets, every single person's situation is different.
Even in the most simplistic of cases, Chayet finds fault with online legal sites. If someone is single, an only child, with both parents still alive, and no complex investments, it still isn't a good idea, she says, since having your parents inherit your assets could have a negative impact.
"By your parents inheriting your assets, how would that affect them? That may not be a question you ever anticipated when you initially went on LegalZoom and did your 30-minute will," she says. "That's where your simple will turns into a much more complicated situation for your parents; it may push them into a taxable, more complicated situation."
LegalZoom co-founder Brian Liu, and member of the site's board of directors, sees things differently, of course. He points out that his company has been in business for more than 12 years, with 93 percent of customers willing to recommend LegalZoom's service to their friends and family, he says.
"Our online process for creating a last will is maintained by experienced estate planning attorneys and supported by attorneys licensed in all 50 states," he adds.
The real key, though, is the human interaction. What's missing from these online legal sites is that when you work with a lawyer face-to-face, there is a very real emotional connection. With all of their experience, notes Chayet, lawyers can draw out specific priorities from clients and identify issues that may not have necessarily have been on a client's radar when they began their conversation.
Steven Nadel, partner at Seward & Kissel LLP, agrees. "The biggest danger is that it doesn't take into account emotion and relationships," he says in reference to online legal sites. "Whereas if you're talking to an attorney, the attorney will be able to sense where to go, what to push on. When it comes to family planning, you don't want to make a mistake and just check off a box and do the wrong thing because the computer didn't have the right question to ask."
"The idea that an online legal site can only provide fill-in-the-blank forms is completely outdated," says Liu. "Today, multiple online legal sites, including LegalZoom, give people the option of do-it-yourself or a technology-enabled, attorney-assisted service. Many attorneys are themselves offering legal services online. Our own online process works like TurboTax, where a customer answers a series of questions in an online interview, and that information is used to create a personalized last will. In most states, customers can have the will reviewed by a licensed attorney at no additional cost."
Money isn't everything
The major reason for using online legal sites is saving time, and more importantly money. For nominal fees of a few hundred dollars or less, people can set up their entire will in less than one hour. Spend even just one hour with a lawyer and you'll easily creep past that.
Nadel offers that money shouldn't be an issue. There's no need to visit a huge expensive law firm. Instead, find a reliable solo practitioner who won't charge a significant amount.
Chayet takes things a step further, saying that spending a significant amount of money on a will right now will save you in the long run. She points out that even if you spend $1,000 or more while your children are relatively young, you'll be getting the will done correctly from the start. That will is all you'll need until the children are adults. Yet if you go with a quick online will, you may need to constantly make updates and modifications for areas you never even imagined.
It's just business
One area both lawyers agree on is that some basic business transactions, like setting up a simple limited liability company (LLC), can be handled online. If there's no real decision-making involved and it's as simple as starting a company and having a name for it, then Nadel thinks setting that up online is fine. It's when there's any opportunity to go in a variety of directions that trouble arises.
"There's issues when it's not black and white," says Nadel. "The problem often times with the law, if you're buying a house, if you're setting up a will, or if you're getting a divorce, the problem is it's a lot of grey. Computers are not grey. Computers are ones and zeros. Computers don't have twos. In the world of law, there's a lot of twos."
Liu agrees with Nadel on the LLC issue, but goes a step further. "LegalZoom’s online process consolidates the collective knowledge of dozens of attorneys, as well as the experience of having served 2 million customers over the past 12 years," he says. "Last year, we helped file one in five limited liability companies in California. Because of this experience, we anticipate questions and provide online help to guide people through the process quickly."
Breaking up is ... easy to do?
Not every lawyer is against the online legal sites. With something as emotional as divorce, you'd think individuals should avoid them at all costs. Steven Mindel, managing partner at Feinberg, Mindel, Brandt & Klein, believes roughly 25 percent to 30 eprcent of the population could do well to use a site like LegalZoom to file for their divorce.
In the case of a very simple scenario, Mindel states that these types of programs can work very well. When it's just two adults without a lot of complexity in their divorce, they can file without issue. In fact, in some cases, doing your divorce online actually has some positive outcomes. Besides being less expensive, many times it can also be a much less contentious divorce.
"You need to have a basic agreement with your spouse" says Mindel. "That means you have less wear and tear on family in terms of overall stress, and less dollars out of pocket because you're not spending money on a lawyer."
For the other 70 percent of the population, though, Mindel warns "there's a lot that can slip through the cracks and cause lots of problems." If there's any sort of complications, couples should see a lawyer. If they're unsure of which option to use, Mindel suggests always having at least a two-hour initial meeting with a lawyer. It will cost you a small amount, but the lawyer will examine your case in detail and tell you whether it's worth handling yourself or whether you should seek in-person counsel.
Overall, using online legal sites is certainly quicker and cheaper to use than attorneys. But in all but the most simplistic of cases, using a legal site opens the door to possibly missing out on some key information. In the long run, you may end up paying more than you bargained for.
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