Today - Season 2014
Nbc / Peter Kramer/NBC

TODAY   |  February 03, 2014

Lifesaving lessons: How to perform CPR

Connie Harvey of the American Red Cross she explains how to determine whether someone needs CPR, and then demonstrates the proper way to perform the lifesaving procedure on adults and children alike.

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This content comes from Closed Captioning that was broadcast along with this program.

>>> what would you -- would you know what do if someone you love fell on the floor and went no cardiac arrest?

>> what if a stranger stopped breathing right in front of you?

>> we kick off life saving lessons today and we're starting a critical lesson in cpr . connie harvey is a certified cpr instructor with the american red cross . how are you doing, connie ?

>> how are you? my kids learned how to do it in grade school , when they were young. cody got up about two months ago, man was choking to death, went right over and he saved him.

>> heimlich.

>> all those years before.

>> it is empowering, that's for sure.

>> it sounds weird, sometimes you're not sure if cpr is what the person needs. how do you know?

>> you want to begin -- if you see somebody that falls and collapses you want to make certain they are unresponsive. make certain they're unresponsive.

>> so what do you do?

>> we train to use your personal protective equipment . if you don't have it, don't worry about it. but if you see someone down, tap them on the should and shout, are you okay? are you okay?

>> okay.

>> if there is no response, have someone call 911. you want emergency help as soon as you can. then you open the air way and check for breathing. you're looking toward the feet, looking for the rise and fall of the chest, listening for air to escape or feeling breath on your cheek. if you don't have any of those signs, do a quick look for severe bleeding and then start cpr .

>> where do you put your -- the heel of your hand.

>> the heel of the hand in the center of the chest on the breastbone.

>> on the breastbone.

>> push hard and push fast. full cpr includes 30 compressions and two breaths, cycles of that.

>> 30 compressions?

>> that's right. at a rate of about 100 beats a minute. and that actually -- there is music that a lot of people understand, stayin' alive. the beat of that is equal. one and two and three and four and five and six and seven and eight and nine and 10, and 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.

>> what are you doing?

>> two breaths.

>> what are you putting on his mouth?

>> breathing barrier, personal protective equipment i talked to you about, that is just to help prevent disease transmission .

>> what if you don't have that? you take a chance?

>> absolutely. a lot of first aid kits have these. if they have them, we recommend you use them. if you don't, don't worry about it. the other thing we have is compressions only cpr , someone untrained or unwilling to perform the rescue breath, keep doing the chest compression .

>> and do it until somebody comes.

>> keep doing this until somebody who is trained comes along and can take over for you. and until the scene becomes unsafe, or until an aed arrives and is able to -- use the aed the minute you get it.

>> you did mention if you see bleeding, though, if you do see bleeding, should you not do the -- not attempt anything?

>> no, you still want to get help, but also want to just deal with what is the most significant thing at the time. if there is severe bleeding , perhaps somebody else can help you try to suppress the bleeding by applying pressure.

>> show us with the little babies .

>> with the little baby, there are a few changes. that is you use your two fingers and then you put it in the center of the chest. and you're going to, again, do about 100 beats a minute. but when i did the breaths on the adult, i tilted, i pinched the nose and put my mouth around the victim's mouth. when i'm worki ining on a baby, you put your mouth around their nose and mouth.

>> because they're so little.

>> pull it back?

>> 100 compressions.

>> tapping them, making certain it is okay. look, listen and feel. and remember, call 911, get help on the way. and then you give two breaths.

>> two?

>> uh-huh.

>> okay.

>> and then put your fingers in the center of the chest, 30 beats a minute. one and two, and three and four and five and six and seven and eight and nine and ten --

>> what you've done for us, which is great, is on our website. you've created step by step instruction video that will show you the right way it use an aed machine, defibrillator. that's on thank you, connie . thank you so much. we appreciate it.

>> thank you.