TODAY | October 09, 2013
>>> every year in this krup there's more than 360,000 house fires resulting in billions of dollars in property damage.
>> you have less than six minutes before a fire becomes life threatening. so with national fire prevention week in full swing , here's how damaging a fire can be.
>> cooking is the number one cause of home fires .
>> from the kitchen, when it comes to grease fires, water is your worst enemy. to a mattress.
>> it's something you never want to see at home. you're looking at a mattress on fire. don't worry, this is a concerned situation.
>> even a baby's crib.
>> you're going to protect the airway and put them on your chest and stay low and find your way out.
>> over the years we demonstrated how quickly fires can spread.
>> i crawled blind folded through a highway.
>> i have no idea where i'm going because i wasn't paying attention coming off the electrical have a elevator.
>> i was in a panic just simulating the experience.
>> reporter: and we saw how easily children can sleep through smoke detectors.
>> not a single one of them is moving. this could be a real fire right now.
>> and they would sleep right through it. it's so scary that the kids could sleep through this.
>> ken is with the national fire protection association and is a former fire chief . good morning.
>> good morning.
>> we started a controlled fire here over our stove top but kitchen fires are the most common type of fires. what do we do in this situation?
>> the first thing is if you can safely protect yourself and have the cover nearby to slide it across the pan and it will extinguish the fire. it's quick and easy and safe and if you can't do that successfully get out of the house.
>> people think about water and baking soda and you say either of those in this case.
>> water can increase the intensity. baking soda you have to go right over the flame to poor it. it's dangerous. the cover is the best option.
>> now it grows past the stove, what's the move.
>> the fire extinguishers here.
>> they're designed for certain types of hazards within your home. the smaller one is great for the kitchen.
>> so under a sink or something like that.
>> under the sink but have it where it's accessible because you want to get to it right away when there's a fire. using an extinguisher remember pass, pull the handle, spray at the base of the fire.
>> once you use it it's done.
>> it's done. get out of the space and if the extinguisher doesn't work back out of the space right away.
>> the next thing is an escape ladder. what kind of person should have this.
>> escape ladders are good for ensuring if you need to get from your bedroom or second floor to a lower level so it's good for families but you have to remember it's kind of an unstable platform to climb on and if you have young children it may not be something easy for them to do but it hangs over the window, you back out and climb down.
>> good in the kids rooms. should have one but be careful, right?
>> be careful and have an escape plan for your family.
>> and practice that plan as well.
>> practice as well.
>> i'll sit here. let's say the car is on fire and i am stuck in the car, seat belt is not coming off. what do i do?
>> well, if you're in the car it's on fire and you can't get out. first thing you want to do is remove the seat belt and if it's stuck they have tools you can carey in your car and have them in a close proximity to where you are. it's got a tool to break the window if you're trapped. if you can pull the seat belt tight, i'll show you with a would happen is you can take the seat belt cutter and take and pull the belt and then you pull this down and you can see what happens. it rips right through it.
>> where do you get that? hardware store ?
>> retail outlets, hardware stores and online.
>> it's a 4-in-1 tool, right?
>> it is.
>> we'll show you what else to do. if you're trapped with the doors and window, what do you do?
>> first thing, if the window will not go down jour, you have to break out the glass.
>> we're going to wear goggles and we're going to wear gloves to protect yourselves.
>> now, you have to have pretty good presence of mind to be in a car on fire and find this tool and understand what to do with it.
>> you have to take a deep breath and think through the steps. time is critical. you're absolutely right. you have to be focused and think clearly.
>> where should this be in my car.
>> within an arms reach . if you have a center console or compartment but arms reach .
>> so now i'm inside the car, right? so i'm going to hit it from this side?
>> we're going to do it from the outside but you would be doing this from the inside of the car.
>> what you juan to do is using the pointed part of the tool, make contact in that lower corner but it's going to take a little bit of force. go at it.
>> you have to swing big, huh?
>> oh, yeah. that works.
>> and you can see it works and it works clear. you had a good swing on that. so that's why we --
>> how does that feel?
>> feels good and then you clear it out.
>> and then you clear it out and get out of the car as soon as you possibly can.
>> i showed you in a hotel room , god forbid there's a hotel fire, a lot of people don realize or think to check where the exits are or even think about where they would go in that situation. important to do too.
>> very porn because that exit is your life escape route if the fire alarm sounds or if there is a fire.
>> usually it's on the back of the door in the room.
>> but count the number of doors as you get to your room and look for the closest exit to your room. important information if you have to evacuate.
>> all right. ken, great as always to have you here.