Aug. 30, 2010 at 8:22 AM ET
2) Some signs and symptoms overlap with depression, anxiety and ADHD.
3) Imaging is normal with concussion (not when bleeding occurs).
4) To recover athletes, must rest physically and cognitively (cognitive rest includes schoolwork, video games, computer usage, and watching TV).
5) In the vast majority of cases symptoms resolve in 7-10 days.
6) All pediatric patients who sustain a concussion should be evaluated by a doctor.
7) Athletes should never return to play in the same game after a concussion.
8) Athletes should never return to play while symptomatic at rest or with exertion.
9) Long-term concussion effects are unknown.
10) Benefits of medicines such as Tylenol and ibuprofen have not been established.
11) If symptoms persist, retirement from all contact/collision sports may be necessary.Dr. Mark Adickes played 9 years of professional football and is a Superbowl Champion turned Harvard-trained orthopedic surgeon. Also, he hosts "Athlete 360," a sports medicine television show on Fox Sports Net.