1. Headline
  1. Headline
updated 6/15/2012 1:25:09 PM ET 2012-06-15T17:25:09

Health officials have confirmed that an Oregon man has the plague after he was bitten while trying to take a dead rodent from the mouth of a stray cat.

  1. More from TODAY.com
    1. Homeless Little League World Series player gets new home thanks to local fan

      Jackie Robinson West was crowned the best team in the U.S. during the Little League World Series, finishing second-place o...

    2. Marriage equality in Minnesota makes this couple's dream wedding come true
    3. Kickball making a comeback among adults
    4. Joan Rivers' daughter Melissa says Mom's condition 'remains serious'
    5. 7 new tricks to banish late-night food cravings — for good

The unidentified man, who is in his 50s, remained in critical condition Friday at a Bend hospital. His illness marks the fifth case of plague in Oregon since 1995.

State public health veterinarian Dr. Emilio DeBess says the man was infected when he was bitten by the stray his family had befriended. The cat died and its body is being sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for testing.

Karen Yeargain, communicable disease coordinator for Crook County, said the sick man lives in rural area outside the Central Oregon city of Prineville.

DeBess, who is in Prineville investigating, said test results confirmed what officials had suspected, that the man had become infected with Yersinia pestis, the bacterium that devastated Europe during the Middle Ages.

DeBess has collected blood samples from two dogs and another cat that lives with the man's family. DeBess also collected blood samples from neighbors' pets and from animals in the local shelter to determine whether the area has a plague problem.

More than a dozen people who were in contact with the sick man have been notified and are receiving preventive antibiotics.

There are three types of plague: bubonic, which infects the lymph nodes; pneumonic, which infects the lungs; and septicemic, which infects the blood. The man's infection is septicemic, Yeargain said, which causes a "very significant generalized illness."

Symptoms of the plague in humans, which typically appear within four days, include fever, chills and a bloody or watery cough. In pets, plague typically presents itself with enlarged lymph nodes under the jaw, as well as fever and tiredness.

"The plague is something that is always around. In some areas of the country, they have very regular outbreaks in the rodent community," Yeargain said. "Humans don't tend to come in direct contact with it as much here in Oregon, so we don't think about it as much."

Plague is spread to humans or animals through a bite from an infected flea or by contact with an animal sick with the disease. Fleas that normally live on rodents are the source of the plague bacteria. Domestic cats come into contact with these fleas, or with rodents who have been infected by the fleas, when they roam outdoors and hunt rodents.

"The reality is that, in rural areas, part of the role of cats is to keep the rodent population controlled around our homes and barns," Yeargain said.

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Discuss:

Discussion comments

,

Most active discussions

  1. votes comments
  2. votes comments
  3. votes comments
  4. votes comments

More on TODAY.com

  1. Shutterstock

    7 new tricks to banish late-night food cravings — for good

    8/31/2014 12:14:59 PM +00:00 2014-08-31T12:14:59
  1. Courtesy of Hockley family

    Sandy Hook mom: Shootings changed how we feel about going back to school

    8/29/2014 1:02:40 PM +00:00 2014-08-29T13:02:40
  1. Beat it or eat it? Take our quiz about healthy snacks for kids

    September is National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month. We're going to take a look at snacks and foods for kids to learn which ones to eat — and which to beat!

    8/31/2014 3:16:00 PM +00:00 2014-08-31T15:16:00