CANNES, France — Danish filmmaker Lars von Trier was condemned and declared "persona non grata" Thursday by the Cannes Film Festival for saying that he sympathizes with Adolf Hitler.
Festival President Gilles Jacob said von Trier had been banned from the rest of this year's festival, although he would not elaborate if the filmmaker might be allowed back in future years. It was an unprecedented move by the festival that in 2000 bestowed its highest honor on one of von Trier's earlier films, "Dancer in the Dark."
The filmmaker's comments had "stained the reputation for the festival" and its 28-member board of directors felt it had to respond, Jacob said.
Von Trier's current film "Melancholia" remains in competition for all Cannes prizes — including the top Palme d'Or award — but if it wins any at Sunday's closing ceremony, he will not be allowed to attend.
At a news conference for the film Wednesday, von Trier said in a rambling speech that he understood and sympathized with Hitler. He said afterward he had been joking and later issued an apology.
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Thierry Fremaux, the general director at Cannes, said von Trier told festival officials that he "accepts the punishment."
"He's upset by this matter," Fremaux said. "He recognized that the festival had to take a firm position in regards to his comments."
Jacob said the board also considered throwing "Melancholia" out of the festival, "but in the end, the position that was taken was to distinguish between the work and the person."
The decision should not affect the nine-member jury's deliberations, Fremaux said, adding, they "must judge the films in all sovereignty according to whatever criteria they like." He added that organizers "don't have direct contact" with the jury, which is headed by Robert De Niro and includes Uma Thurman and Jude Law.
The festival statement said the Cannes board of directors "firmly condemns these comments and declares Lars von Trier a persona non grata at the festival."
The festival "provides artists from around the world with an exceptional forum to present their works and defend freedom of expression and creation," the statement said. The board "profoundly regrets that this forum has been used by Lars von Trier to express comments that are unacceptable, intolerable, and contrary to the ideals of humanity and generosity that preside over the very existence of the festival."
On Wednesday, von Trier told reporters at the "Melancholia" news conference that he had some compassion for Hitler.
"What can I say? I understand Hitler, but I think he did some wrong things, yes, absolutely. But I can see him sitting in his bunker in the end," von Trier said. "He's not what you would call a good guy, but I understand much about him, and I sympathize with him a little bit. But come on, I'm not for the Second World War, and I'm not against Jews. ...
"I am very much for Jews. No, not too much, because Israel is a pain in the ass."
Von Trier went on to say he admired Hitler aide Albert Speer. The remarks came as von Trier discussed his German heritage.
In an interview afterward, von Trier said he had been joking and that the remarks had spilled out without any forethought.
"I don't have so much to say, so I kind of have to improvise a little and just to let the feelings I have kind of come out into words," von Trier told The Associated Press. "This whole Nazi thing, I don't know where it came from, but you spend a lot of time in Germany, you sometimes want to feel a little free and just talk about this (expletive), you know?"
Jewish groups condemned von Trier's remarks and quickly applauded the festival's measures against the director Thursday.
"This is a welcome action which declares to the world that the suffering of victims is not a fit subject for mockery or casual self-promotion," Elan Steinberg, vice president of the American Gathering of Holocaust Survivors and their Descendants, said in a statement. "The organizers of the Cannes film festival have eloquently taken a determined moral stand against cavalier expressions of hate and insensitivity to those brutalized by the Nazis — Jew and non-Jew."
Cast members of "Melancholia," including Kirsten Dunst, Charlotte Gainsbourg and John Hurt, sat uncomfortably alongside von Trier as the director made his Hitler remarks. At one point, Dunst leaned over and whispered to von Trier, "Oh my God, this is terrible."
Dunst said in an interview later that von Trier was embarrassed by the remarks.
"He likes to run his mouth," Dunst said. "I think he dug himself in a deep hole today."
Von Trier has been a festival favorite who has had nine films in the Cannes main competition since 1984, among them "Dogville," "Manderlay" and "Breaking the Waves," which won the second-place grand prize in 1996. Von Trier's 2009 entry "Antichrist" earned the festival's best-actress award for Gainsbourg.
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