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Video: Will ‘Geeks’ inherit the earth?

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    >>> labels like jock, nerd, and geek have littered the hallways for years but who thrives most after graduation. a new book says students who are on the fringe of a cool crowd. so we headed to a high school in california to talk to kids about social cliques and how they shape the teen years.

    >> it's not like the westside story . we're not like snapping at each other and having like clique warfare, but there's definitely like little social groups .

    >> especially at lunch you can see it, whereas the jocks sit in one place and the arts kids stick to one or two certain spots.

    >> you're not in a clique or group. you're alone. and when you're alone, you're vulnerable.

    >> i'm definitely a part of the nerd herd . i go to star track club, i'm part of the band, i get really good grades, i don't want to be popular. i'd much rather have people who i know care and love me.

    >> being a drama geek basically means you're not afraid of public embarrassment. you're comfortable or at least good at faking being comfortable, putting yourself out there.

    >> you can't let somebody inhibit who you are and you can't let them control your life and you just have to keep on moving and hold your head high.

    >> really, i think, in the end, the kids who have had to face so much adversity in high school are going to come outed on top and be for the better afterward.

    >> high school is what you make it, and you -- if you put yourself in a box like i did, it's not goichk to be the easiest time, but if you take advantage of the opportunities, it can be an extremely fun time.

    >> high school for me has been a really, really good experience. i've made a lot of friends, i've gained a lot of confidence.

    >> alexander rob bins is an author of the new book "the geeks shall inherit the earth ." good morning. nice to see you. what exactly is the quirk theory?

    >> here's how i define it. many of the kids who are caused to be excluded in school are the same traits that students are going to admire and respect about them outside of high school in an adult setting.

    >> is it the training itself or having to put it with being cast aside and shunned that makes you stronger and more independent and makes your successful?

    >> i think that helps. the reason they're targeted in school is because they're different and that's going to make them stand out.

    >> you mentioned perhaps a bill gates in high school , maybe a mark zuckerberg , bruce springsteen , people like that, and they've done pretty well for themselves.

    >> absolutely.

    >> you've followed seven kids from across the country. the loner, the new girl, gamer, cheerleader. why was it important for you to follow the real life examples?

    >> to get both adults and students to think that nonfiction is fun. i think it has to be as fast-paced and engaging as reality tv .

    >> you followed these kids and got involved with them. and halfway through the year you said i want you to try to change the way others perceive you and you perceive yourself.

    >> it was great. everybody ended the book happier and healthier than they did before. it doesn't spoil anything. the boy who contemplated suicide turned his life around. really these characters exceeded my wildest hope for the challenges.

    >> when you look at the words, nerd, geek, jock, drama geek, why are we so interested in labels? why do we kind of draw ourselves to them so much?

    >> for psychological reason, that's how students compartmentalize each other as they're trying to deal with the world. today's skolls there's so much conformity and standardized testing, it turns into a place where anybody who's an outsider and labeled that way is suddenly not at the popular table.

    >> so if you're a parent and you've got one of these whichildren who is the outsider in high school , you need to change the way you deal with those children. you need to say what makes you disht is what makes you special, not that you're not part of the incrowd.

    >> absolutely. parents should show admiration for uniqueness, praise children for expressing a unique view or style, even though you don't agree, so you can see differences are valued.

    >> somebody recently said we have to stop only honoring the kids who win the baseball games and honor the kids who win the science fair .

    >> exactly. people are wondering why students ring going into science.

    >> and for teens watching at home, you've got to pinpoint what makes you unhappy and find the confidence.

    >> absolutely. let your fork flag fly.

    >> it's have interesting. alexandra, thanks so much. appreciate it. the book is called "the geeks shall inherit the earth ."

    >>> just ahead, gifts to make your mom feel like a queen on mother's day after your local news.

By
TODAY books
updated 5/5/2011 5:17:22 AM ET 2011-05-05T09:17:22

Geek, nerd, loser - these are labels that can be found in every high school in America. In "The Geeks Shall Inherit the Earth," Alexandra Robbins looks at why some kids fit in and some kids don't, only to find that the kids most often on the outs at school may be the most successful after they graduate. Read an excerpt.

Prologue

Early 2011. Bullying in school has recently driven several teenagers to suicide. Exclusion and clique warfare are so rampant that the media declares bullying an epidemic and rallies for the public to view the tragedies as a national wake-up call.

Throngs of students who are not outright bullied are disheartened because it is getting increasingly more difficult to become an “insider,” to fit into a group, to be accepted as “normal.” Students feel trapped, despairing that in today’s educational landscape, they either have to conform to the popular crowd’s arbitrary standards—forcing them to hide their true selves—or face dismissive treatment that batters relentlessly at their souls.

Schools struggle to come up with solutions. Even the most beloved parents are met with disbelief when they insist, “This too shall pass.” Adults tell students that it gets better, that the world changes after school, that being “different” will pay off sometime after graduation.

But no one explains to them why.

Enter quirk theory.

Introduction

CAFETERIA FRINGE: People who are not part of or who are excluded from a school’s or society’s in crowd.

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What could motivate kids to be so heart-crushingly cruel that they convince a girl to join her own hate club? In the decade I’ve spent examining various microcosms of life in U.S. schools—from the multitude of students pressured to succeed in school and sports to the twentysomething products of this educational Rube Goldberg machine—a disturbing pattern has emerged. Young people are trying frantically to force themselves into an unbending mold of expectations, convinced that they live in a two-tiered system in which they are either a resounding success or they have already failed. And the more they try to squeeze themselves into that shrinking, allegedly normative space, the faster the walls close in.

Vote and discuss: Were you a geek in high school?

The students outside these walls are the kids who typically are not considered part of the in crowd, the ones who are excluded, blatantly or subtly, from the premier table in the lunchroom. I refer to them as “cafeteria fringe.” Whether alone or in groups, these geeks, loners, punks, floaters, nerds, freaks, dorks, gamers, bandies, art kids, theater geeks, choir kids, Goths, weirdos, indies, scenes, emos, skaters, and various types of racial and other minorities are often relegated to subordinate social status simply because they are, or seem to be, even the slightest bit different.

Students alone did not create these boundaries. The No Child Left Behind law, a disproportionate emphasis on SATs, APs, and other standardized tests, and a suffocating homogenization of the U.S. education system have all contributed to a rabidly conformist atmosphere that stifles unique people, ideas, and expression. The methods that schools and government officials claimed would improve America’s “progress” are the same methods that hold back the students who are most likely to further that progress.

In precisely the years that we should be embracing differences among students, urging them to pursue their divergent interests at full throttle, we’re instead forcing them into a skyline of sameness, muffling their voices, grounding their dreams. The result? As a Midwestern senior told me for my book The Overachievers, high schoolers view life as “a conveyor belt,” making monotonous scheduled stops at high school, college, graduate school, and a series of jobs until death. Middle schools in North America have been called “the Bermuda triangle of education.” Only 22 percent of U.S. youth socialize with people of another race. U.S. students have some of the highest rates of emotional problems and the most negative views of peer culture among countries surveyed by the World Health Organization.

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Too many students are losing hope because of exclusion or bullying that they believe they’re doomed to experience for the rest of their lives. It is unacceptable that the system we rely on to develop children into well-adjusted, learned, cultured adults allows drones to dominate and increasingly devalues freethinkers. In 1957, theologian Paul Tillich told a graduating university class, “We hope for nonconformists among you, for your sake, for the sake of the nation, for the sake of humanity.” More than half a century later, schools, students, and sometimes parents treat these nonconformists like second-class citizens, squelching that hope. There is too much pressure on children to conform to a narrowing in-crowd image, when we should be nurturing the outsiders who reject that image. In large part, those are the individuals who will turn out to be the kinds of interesting, admired, and inspiring adults who earn respect and attention for their impact on their community or the world.

Or even the celebrisphere. Author J. K. Rowling, who has described herself as “a squat, bespectacled child who lived mostly in books and daydreams,” was bullied in school because she was different. Her heroic wizards and witches, who have entranced millions of readers worldwide, “are plainly outcasts and comfortable with being so,” she has said. “Nothing is more unnerving to the truly conventional than the unashamed misfit!”

Musician Bruce Springsteen was so unpopular in high school that, “other people didn’t even know I was there,” he has said. He started a band because “I was on the outside looking in.”

Television host Tim Gunn, who identified himself as “a classic nerd” in school, was “crazy about making things: I was addicted to my Lincoln Logs, Erector Set, and especially my Legos,” he has said. “Between my stutter and my fetishizing of Lego textures, I was taunted and teased.” Now Gunn is a fashion world icon precisely because of his eye toward “making things” — and his catchphrase, “Make it work,” has become famous.

All of these people exemplify what I call quirk theory.

QUIRK THEORY: Many of the differences that cause a student to be excluded in school are the same traits or real-world skills that others will value, love, respect, or find compelling about that person in adulthood and outside of the school setting.

Quirk theory suggests that popularity in school is not a key to success and satisfaction in adulthood. Conventional notions of popularity are wrong. What if popularity is not the same thing as social success? What if students who are considered outsiders aren’t really socially inadequate at all? Being an outsider doesn’t necessarily indicate any sort of social failing. We do not view a tuba player as musically challenged if he cannot play the violin. He’s just a different kind of musician. A sprinter is still considered an athlete even if she can’t play basketball. She’s a different kind of athlete. Rather than view the cafeteria fringe as less socially successful than the popular crowd, we could simply accept that they are a different kind of social.

To investigate the cause and consequence of the gut-wrenching social landscape that characterizes too many schools, I followed seven “main characters” — real people — for a year and interviewed hundreds of other students, teachers, and counselors individually and in groups. I talked with students from public schools, private schools, technical schools, schools for the arts, boarding schools, college prep academies, inner city schools, small rural schools, and suburban schools. They have more in common than they know.

While for previous books, I acted merely as an observer, narrating stories as they happened, with this book I crossed a line. In the middle of the school year, I surprised my main characters by issuing them a challenge that dared them to step outside of their comfort zone. If successful, I hoped these experiments could bring them closer to the school experience they genuinely wanted.

To understand why the cafeteria fringe will be much better off after leaving the school setting, it helps to know how they become outcasts in the first place. Throughout the following chapters, I explain in what I hope is entertaining prose the psychology and science behind questions such as: “Why are popular people mean?”, “Why is seventh grade the worst?”, “Why are outsiders better off after school?”, “Why do social labels stick?”, “Why can’t groups get along?”, “Is popularity worth it?”, and “How can we improve the school experience?” To explain these student group dynamics, I spoke to experts and reviewed hundreds of articles and books on psychology, sociology, anthropology, and other sciences. Much of what I learned was unexpected.

Slip with me a few tiers down below the in crowd — below the cliques that include people who say, as one popular girl told me, “I’m not friends with losers” — into a world of students who are overlooked, disparaged, or completely dismissed. Descend to the plane where beneath the gridded, rigid hallways of robotic social hierarchy runs a parallel labyrinth humming with a current of new ideas, alternative philosophies, and refreshing points of view. Here is where you’ll find the people who are brave enough to be true to themselves, where you’ll encounter the interesting and innovative minds that eventually will drive the engines of creativity and progress. Peer behind their labels. Immerse yourself in these forgotten corridors to meet the denizens known as the cafeteria fringe.

From "The Geeks Shall Inherit the Earth" by Alexandra Robbins. Copyright © 2011
Reprinted by permission of Hyperion.

© 2012 MSNBC Interactive

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