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Image: Elena Kagan, John Roberts, Jeffrey Minear
J. Scott Applewhite  /  AP
Elena Kagan is sworn in as the Supreme Court's newest member as Chief Justice John Roberts, right, administers the judicial oath, at the Supreme Court Building in Washington, on Saturday.
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updated 8/7/2010 7:24:03 PM ET 2010-08-07T23:24:03

Elena Kagan was sworn in Saturday as the 112th justice and fourth woman ever to serve on the Supreme Court.

Chief Justice John Roberts administered the oath to Kagan in a brief private ceremony at the court. Kagan, joined by family and friends, pledged to faithfully and impartially uphold the law.

Afterward, she smiled broadly as a crowd of onlookers stood and applauded. "We look forward to serving with you," Roberts said.

Kagan, a former Harvard Law School dean who most recently was solicitor general, was President Barack Obama's choice to succeed retired Justice John Paul Stevens. Republicans criticized her as a political liberal, before the Senate confirmed her this past week on a vote of 63-37.

She was sworn in twice Saturday by Roberts -- reciting one oath as prescribed by the Constitution during a ceremony in a conference room at the court with only her family present. Kagan then recited a second oath, taken by judges, with her family and friends and reporters present.

Kagan won't be formally installed as a justice until Oct. 1 in a courtroom ceremony at the start of the court's new term. But after the oaths taken on Saturday, she will be able to begin assuming her duties as a justice, which include reviewing cases and emergency appeals filed to the Supreme Court.

Kagan, 50, joins Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Sonia Sotomayor on the nine-member court, which often divides 5-4 on high-profile cases such as gun rights, discrimination and campaign finance. The first woman in the court's history, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, retired in 2005.

Kagan isn't expected to alter the ideological balance of the court, where Stevens was considered a leader of the liberals.

Copyright 2010 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Video: Kagan sworn in as high court Justice

Photos: Elena Kagan, Supreme Court-bound?

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  1. In this image released by the White House, shows 9-year-old Elena Kagan, left, with her family on Jan. 24, 1970. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  2. Elena Kagan selected a quotation from former Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter to accompany this photo from 1977 in her Hunter College high school year book: "Government is itself an art, one of the subtlest of arts." (Ellen Purtell / Hunter High School via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  3. In this undated photo released by Hunter College High school, Kagan, second from left in the front row, poses with members of the student government in the school's 1977 yearbook. Kagan, wearing a robe and holding a gavel, was the student council president. (Ellen Purtell / /Hunter High School via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  4. Elena Kagan, standing, served as editorial chairman for The Daily Princetonian while she studied history as an undergraduate at the university. The New York City native graduated in 1981. (Courtesy of The Daily Princetonian) Back to slideshow navigation
  5. Kagan graduated in 1981 summa cum laude from Princeton with a degree in history. (Courtesy of Princeton University) Back to slideshow navigation
  6. Kagan joined the University of Chicago Law School faculty as an assistant professor in 1991 and served as a tenured professor from 1995 to 1997. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  7. In this 1992 photo provided by the University of Chicago Law School, Elena Kagan, left, then an assistant professor at the university, participates in the law school's faculty-student trivia contest with Daniel Shaviro, former law school professor, now with New York University. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  8. In this 1993 photo provided by the University of Chicago Law School, assistant professor Elena Kagan plays in a softball game. (AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  9. In 1999, Kagan, who earned her law degree at Harvard University, returned to the campus as a member of the faculty. This photo provided by the university shows Kagan in 2003 when she was the law school dean. (Harvard University via AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  10. Former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor talks to Solicitor General Kagan during the forum "Striking the Balance: Fair and Independent Courts in a New Era" at Georgetown University Law Center May 20, 2009. (Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  11. U.S. Solicitor General Kagan addresses the forum "Striking the Balance: Fair and Independent Courts in a New Era" at Georgetown University Law Center May 20, 2009 in Washington, DC. (Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  12. When Supreme Court Justice Stevens announced his retirement, Kagan's name was quickly floated as a potential replacement. A year earlier, the Senate confirmed her as Solicitor General by a vote of 61-31, with only seven Republicans supporting her. (Jay Mallin / Zuma Press) Back to slideshow navigation
  13. President Barack Obama meets with Solicitor General Elena Kagan in the Oval Office April 30, 2010. (Pete Souza / White House handout) Back to slideshow navigation
  14. Vice President Joe Biden, left, and President Barack Obama, right, applaud as Solicitor General Elena Kagan accepts her nomination to the Supreme Court at the White House in Washington on Monday May 10, 2010. (Jim Watson / AFP - Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  15. Supreme Court nominee Elena Kagan, rides the Senate subway during a day of meetings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., on May 12. (Harry Hamburg / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  16. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid meets with Elena Kagan on Capitol Hill on May 12. (Alex Brandon / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  17. Elena Kagan talks with Sen. Arlen Specter in his office on Capitol Hill on May 13. (Alex Brandon / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
  18. Elena Kagan sits with Sen. Lindsey Graham on May 18 as part of her visits with senators who will vote on her confirmation to replace retiring Justice John Paul Stevens on the Supreme Court. (Mark Wilson / Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  19. Supreme Court nominee Elena Kagan listens to opening statements by members of the Senate Judiciary Committee on the first day of her confirmation hearings on Capitol Hill June 28, in Washington, D.C. Kagan is President Barack Obama's second Supreme Court nominee since taking office. (Pablo Martinez Monsivias / Pool via Getty Images) Back to slideshow navigation
  20. Elena Kagan is sworn in as the Supreme Court's newest member as Chief Justice John Roberts, right, administers the judicial oath, at the Supreme Court Building in Washington, D.C., on Saturday, Aug. 7. The Bible is held by Jeffrey Minear, center, counselor to the chief justice. Kagan, 50, who replaces retired Justice John Paul Stevens, becomes the fourth woman to sit on the high court, and is the first Supreme Court justice in nearly four decades with no previous experience as a judge. (J. Scott Applewhite / AP) Back to slideshow navigation
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