For eight years, Kelly Klodzinski has lived through a medical hell. Her jaw clenches so tightly that she can’t eat a peanut butter sandwich; she has an inflamed heart that often makes it difficult to breathe, much less walk; and she spends so much time in hospital beds that she’s on a first-name basis with staff at seven or eight clinics.
Thankfully, though, Klodzinski is now part of a groundbreaking new program: At a clinic in Bethesda, Md., she is examined by some of the leading minds in medicine, who aren’t rushed because they only see three or four patients a week. And the charge to Klodzinski for such acute care? Not one red cent.
There is a catch, however: Patients like Kelly have to be sick, really sick, to be admitted. And what’s more, those patients have already had to suffer through years of medical maladies that don’t even have a name.
That’s the mission of the Undiagnosed Diseases Program, created by the National Institutes of Health in May 2008. And even though it sounds a bit like the medical-mystery TV show “House,” the doctors caution their work can’t be tied into a neat bow in the space of a one-hour episode.
Still, for Klodzinski, being treated at the UDP clinic is the first light of hope she’s seen after eight years of medical darkness. The young Louisiana wife — focus of the first of a two-part series examining medical mysteries on TODAY — has seen her body steadily break down in many ways, with doctors unable even to give her a diagnosis, much less cure her.
Appearing live on TODAY Thursday, Klodzinski told Matt Lauer she feels like a medical orphan: Concerned friends don’t understand that she suffers from maladies that have no name.
“It’s very, very frustrating,” she told Lauer. “People ask me every day, ‘What’s wrong with you, what do you have?’ And I don’t have an answer; I just tell them it’s undiagnosed. And they will say, ‘Well, what do they call it?’ And I say, ‘I don’t know, they’ve don’t have anything TO call it.’ ”
She’s been in and out of hospitals ever since, and she sometimes has as many as four doctor’s appointments in a week. She’s been looked at by pulmonologists, cardiologists, hematologists and oncologists. Klodzinski has undergone multiple surgeries, one of which she barely survived. But all the while, well-trained doctors have been unable to pinpoint the root cause of her health dilemma.
Now, with treatment at the UDP clinic, Klodzinski told TODAY she can finally see some progress in turning her health crisis around, even if she’s been down the road with doctors too many times to be totally confident.
“It would be a pretty big deal to get a diagnosis after eight years,” she said. “I would be in shock if [they] told me, ‘This is what you have.’ If I could just get some treatment options, how to keep it under control, how to keep it from flaring up again, that would be great.”
Not like ‘House’
The novel program undertaken by NIH can be called forward-thinking; just don’t call it “House” in the presence of Dr. William A. Gahl, one of its founders. “That’s entertainment — we’re not here for entertainment in any respect,” Gahl told TODAY. “That program essentially solves that problem, that story, within an hour. The whole premise is completely unrealistic and completely off track, and it’s intended to be drama. I think also, someone who has Dr. House’s personality characteristics would never be permitted to handle patients or would have his license taken away.”
Klodzinski feared she wouldn’t be accepted, believing “there were probably a lot weirder cases,” but says she feels like she’s finally found the right place for treatment.
“It’s weird because it’s like, ‘Do I really have the disease that nobody knows what it is?’ Klodzinski told TODAY. “I go to the hospital and there are so many sick people there and they all know what’s wrong with them. What’s so weird about my condition that they don’t know what it is or what doctor to send me to?”
Gahl said the intriguing mystery with Klodzinski is that she suffers from multiple maladies, with one not necessarily being related to the other. She shows signs of ascites (free fluid in her abdomen), pericarditis (inflammation of her heart covering) and hydroneophrosis (enlargement of her kidney), along with mouth cysts that cause her jaw to become inflamed.
“It’s possible [she] has a genetic disorder,” Gahl said, and if “we could find the gene that is responsible and relate mutations in that gene to her symptomatology, [it would be] a great outcome for us and for the profession, too.”
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Another one of Klodzinski’s physicians at UDP, pulmonologist Dr. Bernadette Gochuico, said, “Kelly is very unusual, and she’s challenging. We are doing some detective work in that Kelly has something that has not been described before, and we’re trying to identify for the first time what may be causing her disease.”
Klodzinski told Lauer she’s taken steroids and morphine for years, but the UDP clinic has put her on a new drug normally used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and malaria. She began taking the drug in December, and is due back at the clinic in March to see if it’s helping.
Symptoms first, diagnosis later
Appearing with Klodzinski on TODAY, medical correspondent Dr. Nancy Snyderman says it is good medicine to try to make Kelly feel better first, then figure out the root cause for all that ails her. “When a patient has real symptoms, sometimes doctors are better off to treat the symptoms, then wait for the diagnosis,” she said.
Snyderman also lauded the NIH program for bringing together experts from various fields. “Not everything fits into a neat package; sometimes Mother Nature has a sort of different plan, and the constellation of symptoms don’t fall into one package,” she said.
“It’s kind of scary,” she said, “especially when it first started happening. I’m never really happy that I have to take steroids to live, basically. I don’t like knowing that without a little pill every day there’s a possibility I might die. I feel pretty helpless, and it is hard knowing that no one has really gone through the same disease process as I have.”
Still, getting accepted into the UDP clinic allows her to see doctors she would never have been able to afford otherwise. “I don’t have insurance; we don’t have the money to fly around the world,” she explained. “When I found out someone was interested in finding out what was wrong with me, I was so excited.”
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