1. Headline
  1. Headline
Image: Mars moons
An image from Europe's Mars Express orbiter shows Phobos (the large Martian moon in the foreground) and Deimos (the small moon in the background). When the picture was taken, Phobos was 7,332 miles (11,800 kilometers) away from the spacecraft, and Deimos was 16,280 miles (26,200 kilometers) away.
By
updated 12/11/2009 1:50:57 PM ET 2009-12-11T18:50:57

The Martian moons Phobos and Deimos have been photographed in the same frame for the first time.

The European Space Agency's Mars Express orbiter snapped a series of images of the two diminutive moons on Nov. 5 and released the pictures today.

The images will help researchers refine models of the two moons' orbits, but mostly they're just cool results of a year-long effort to get the timing right.

Phobos, the larger of the two moons, is shaped something like a potato. It is 16 miles long (27 km). Phobos orbits Mars in an almost circular equatorial orbit at a distance of 3,728 miles (6000 km). It circles Mars every 7 hours and 39 minutes, traveling faster relative to Mars than does Earth's moon relative to our planet.

Phobos — found last year to be more like a pile of rubble than a solid object — is moving closer to Mars at a rate of 6 feet (1.8 meters) every 100 years. In about 50 million years, the moon will crash into Mars.

Deimos, too, is not spherical. It has an average diameter of 8 miles (13 kilometers). It orbits Mars at a distance of roughly 12,427 miles (20,000 km). On the surface of Deimos, the acceleration of gravity is less than 0.1 percent that of Earth. But like Phobos, Deimos has been able to develop landforms, like craters and rims, similar to those found on larger objects.

Phobos was 7,332 miles (11,800 km) from Mars Express when the images were taken. Deimos was 16,280 miles (26,200 km) away.

Scientists aren't sure about the origins of these moons. They might be captured asteroids, or perhaps they are leftovers from the formation of Mars, or they might be fragments of Mars, blasted out by the impact of a giant asteroid or comet.

© 2013 Space.com. All rights reserved. More from Space.com.

Discuss:

Discussion comments

,

More on TODAY.com

  1. TODAY

    88-year-old Olive Garden food critic takes on local McDonald's

    1/24/2015 5:53:18 PM +00:00 +00:00 2015-01-24T17:53:18
  1. TODAY

    Try Sandra Lee’s Super Bowl pulled pork, whoopee pies, more

    1/24/2015 6:35:31 PM +00:00 +00:00 2015-01-24T18:35:31
  1. TODAY

    video Snakes on TODAY! Erica pranks Lester (and herself) with ‘snakes’

    1/24/2015 2:10:15 PM +00:00 +00:00 2015-01-24T14:10:15
  1. TODAY

    video ‘I’m so proud of it’: Jennifer Aniston on her new film ‘Cake’

    1/24/2015 3:27:33 PM +00:00 +00:00 2015-01-24T15:27:33
  1. Ryan Mcvay / Getty Images stock

    Do your bit to fight flu: Stay home and watch TV

    1/24/2015 2:13:04 PM +00:00 +00:00 2015-01-24T14:13:04
  1. Getty Images stock

    Workout partner boosts calorie burn: 5 traits of a great fitness match

    1/24/2015 1:38:31 PM +00:00 +00:00 2015-01-24T13:38:31