1. Headline
  1. Headline
Image: Mars moons
An image from Europe's Mars Express orbiter shows Phobos (the large Martian moon in the foreground) and Deimos (the small moon in the background). When the picture was taken, Phobos was 7,332 miles (11,800 kilometers) away from the spacecraft, and Deimos was 16,280 miles (26,200 kilometers) away.
By
updated 12/11/2009 1:50:57 PM ET 2009-12-11T18:50:57

The Martian moons Phobos and Deimos have been photographed in the same frame for the first time.

The European Space Agency's Mars Express orbiter snapped a series of images of the two diminutive moons on Nov. 5 and released the pictures today.

The images will help researchers refine models of the two moons' orbits, but mostly they're just cool results of a year-long effort to get the timing right.

Phobos, the larger of the two moons, is shaped something like a potato. It is 16 miles long (27 km). Phobos orbits Mars in an almost circular equatorial orbit at a distance of 3,728 miles (6000 km). It circles Mars every 7 hours and 39 minutes, traveling faster relative to Mars than does Earth's moon relative to our planet.

Phobos — found last year to be more like a pile of rubble than a solid object — is moving closer to Mars at a rate of 6 feet (1.8 meters) every 100 years. In about 50 million years, the moon will crash into Mars.

Deimos, too, is not spherical. It has an average diameter of 8 miles (13 kilometers). It orbits Mars at a distance of roughly 12,427 miles (20,000 km). On the surface of Deimos, the acceleration of gravity is less than 0.1 percent that of Earth. But like Phobos, Deimos has been able to develop landforms, like craters and rims, similar to those found on larger objects.

Phobos was 7,332 miles (11,800 km) from Mars Express when the images were taken. Deimos was 16,280 miles (26,200 km) away.

Scientists aren't sure about the origins of these moons. They might be captured asteroids, or perhaps they are leftovers from the formation of Mars, or they might be fragments of Mars, blasted out by the impact of a giant asteroid or comet.

© 2013 Space.com. All rights reserved. More from Space.com.

Discuss:

Discussion comments

,

Most active discussions

  1. votes comments
  2. votes comments
  3. votes comments
  4. votes comments

More on TODAY.com

  1. ‘She was all over me!' Regis dishes on co-hosting with Kathie Lee

    TrydayFriday was a laugh-out-loud, fun-filled show as KLG invited her old pal to co-host.

    8/1/2014 2:01:46 PM +00:00 2014-08-01T14:01:46
  2. 6 GIFs show why this animal segment is the best one ever

    When animals visit Kathie Lee and Hoda, things always get interesting. But when Regis is co-hosting, it gets down right outrageous!"Does Hoda have a pith helmet here I can put on?

    8/1/2014 2:40:51 PM +00:00 2014-08-01T14:40:51
  3. TODAY the musical! KLG puts together show featuring anchors

    The special Friday edition of TODAY's Fourth Hour was full of surprises — not only did Regis Philbin fill in for Hoda, but Kathie Lee made a big announcement: Get ready for TODAY the musical! "It's going to be live and it's going to be so much fun," an excited Kathie Lee said.

    8/1/2014 2:14:15 PM +00:00 2014-08-01T14:14:15
  4. TODAY
  1. US scrambles to retrieve Ebola-infected Americans

    Health officials are trying to get at least one American patient infected with Ebola virus back from West Africa for treatment. Emory University Hospital said it was ready to take care of one patient at a special isolation unit.

    8/1/2014 3:47:06 PM +00:00 2014-08-01T15:47:06