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Video: Grilling 101 for women

TODAY
updated 7/2/2007 12:43:40 PM ET 2007-07-02T16:43:40

Love to cook but not sure if you can handle the grill? Don't fear — Annie B. Cooks of Yankee magazine has ten tips that will make you a pro at cooking up her tasty recipes:

1.  Be organized and have fun.
Gather together everything you are going to need from start to finish and be sure to make a trip to the restroom. Once you get started, you can’t walk away — this is live fire cooking.

  • Do you have enough charcoal (or propane)?
  • Do you have all the ingredients?
  • Do you have a clean platter to put the ingredients on once they are cooked?
  • Do you have matches? Tongs (no forks please!)? Mitt? Meat thermometer?
  • Paper towels? Marinade brush? Grill scraper?
  • Cell or cordless phone? Margarita (you’ll need to stay cool with all that heat!)
  • Is the recipe ready to go?
  • Meats should be trimmed of fat and removed from wet marinades.
  • Do you have a metal garbage bowl or bin?

If you have space, consider storing all your outdoor grilling cooking utensils and gadgets in a sturdy canvas bag in the mudroom — I like to have tongs, mitts, and thermometer in the bag and the rest I gather before I go outside. Or a laminated list that you can check before you strike a match.

2. Where to grill? 
The placement of your grill is important — do not place it by a door that will be open and shut during cooking, nor in a heavily trafficked spot in your yard. Open windows, places where kids are playing, and of course spots where flammable materials might be, are all no-no’s.  Place your grill on a flat, fireproof surface at least 10 feet from your house.

3. Bring on the Heat.
I prefer lump charcoal — I like the flavor, I think you get better heat, and it’s more interactive. With chimney starters, you can even avoid the use of nasty canned fire starter fluids — God only knows what’s in that can. Once you get a chimney starter going and glowing with coals, dump them out onto a neat pile of charcoal and let them burn until they become gray. Give the whole grill a gentle shake or carefully spread the coals out with the tongs. If you are making a long cooked roast make a pile on one side of the grill (and cook the meat on the other — you’ll form a natural convection oven).

Place the grate on top of the grill and let it heat up for a few minutes, then scrape it down with a stiff wire brush to remove any browned bits from last week (or last year). This is good maintenance and it will help keep food from sticking.

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You are ready to cook (medium high heat) if you can hold your hand 6 inches over the grill for 5 seconds.

4. Lube Job.   
Lightly oil the grates. When you are good to go, with tongs, run an oiled paper towel or  hunk of beef fat over the grill grates.  This too will help keep food from sticking. You could also remove the grate and give it a dusting of cooking spray oil (away from the flame), use a folded paper towel soaked in oil, or rub it with a piece of fatty bacon, beef fat or chicken skin. Be sure to let the grates come to tempertaure before you begin cooking.

5. Rest Up. 
When cooking proteins (meat, pork, chicken, fish) be sure to let them rest at least 5 (if not ten) minutes before slicing them. The juices will release while they are cooking and if you cut into them right from the grill all those flavorful juices will run.  If you let them rest, the meat will absorb and redistribute the juices.

6. Don’t let the boys squeeze you out — you can do this and it’s super-fun.

7. Bring ingredients to room temperature. 
They cook more quickly and evenly.

8. Don’t move proteins around too much.
If ooking steak or chicken, find the right spot and lay it down, then let it cook a few minutes before moving or turning. If you have oiled the grates, then chances are the steak or chicken won’t stick when you move it. One turn oughta do it, too.

9.  Fashion Matters.
Be careful what you wear. You want to look good, but save heavy metal cuff bracelets and watches for another day — they can heat up and most likely not burn you, but it can make things uncomfortable. Also long, dangly necklace necklaces could be a problem.

10. Please use tongs or spatulas rather than forks or knives.
Tongs will help keep things in one piece, while other utensils will poke holes in all your hard work.

And…

Think about your marinades. Marinades with sugar should be added at the end—the sugar will burn, not caramelize, if added too soon.  Any marinades with acid (citrus juice, vinegar) will “cook” protein — if you want the flavor, but not the acid, try the zest from citrus fruits and/or add such flavors towards the end of the marinating process.

Consider adding flavor to the fire with chips of dried hickory, applewood, pecan, cinnamon, rosemary…

Recipe: Simple Steak (on this page)

Recipe: Hobo Packs (on this page) Recipe: Grilled Vegetables (on this page) Recipe: Grilled Oysters (on this page) Recipe: Grilled Clams (on this page)

Recipe: Hobo Packs

Combine your favorite vegetables and herbs (fennel, celery, carrots, thyme, rosemary) — this recipe is very forgiving.

Ingredients
  • 1 red pepper, cored and seeds removed, cut into 1/2-inch slices
  • 1 yellow pepper, cored and seeds removed, cut into 1/2-inch slices
  • 2 yellow potatoes, cut into 1/4 inch thick rounds
  • 1 onion, thinly sliced
  • 3 to 4 sprigs fresh thyme
  • About 3 tablespoons olive oil
  • kosher or sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
Preparation

Place ingredients in a bowl and toss well to combine.

Stack two sheets of aluminum foil (about 18 inches long) on top of each other. Make a mound of vegetables in the center (about half).  Fold in the edges of aluminum and seal well. 

Place packs, seam side up, directly on top of the hot coals. Cook about 30 minutes.  Remove from coals, and carefully open. Serve warm.

Recipe: Grilled Vegetables

Ingredients
  • Portabello mushrooms, stem removed
  • Asparagus, trimmed of “woody”
  • Zucchini, sliced lengthwise
  • Scallions, trimmed of wilted parts
  • Red onions, cut into quarters, root attached
  • Sweet potatoes, cut lengthwise
Preparation

Drizzle with olive oil, salt, and pepper; toss well to coat.

Heat grill to medium high. Place vegetables directly on grates and cook 4 to 5 minutes preside (depending on the vegetable — potatoes will take longer).

Recipe: Grilled Oysters

Ingredients
  • 2 dozen cold water oysters, well scrubbed
  • 1 sticks unsalted butter, room temperature
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 3 tablespoons minced chives or scallions
  • 1 tablespoon minced jalapeno pepper
  • 2 tablespoons minced fresh cilantro
Preparation

In a small bowl combine ingredients, mashing them with a fork. Lay a sheet of plastic wrap, place butter mixture in the center and form into a small log. Seal well and refrigerate at least 1 hour (or freeze up to month).

Heat grill to medium high. Place oysters on grate, cup side down. Grill 3 to 4 minutes. Remove with tongs and place onto a folded kitchen towel. With a oyster knife, remove and discard top shell (be careful not to lose the liquid inside). Separate oyster from bottom shell, but do not remove. Placed about 1 teaspoon of butter on top of oyster. Place oyster back on grill grate and cook 2 to 3 minutes more — the edges of the oyster will start to curl when they are ready. Remove from grill and serve immediately

Recipe: Grilled Clams

Ingredients
  • 2 dozen littleneck clams, well scrubbed
Preparation

Heat grill to medium high. Place clams directly on grate or in a grill basket on grate. Cook until clams open about 4 minutes. Remove as they open and place in a bowl. Add about 3 tablespoons of butter and toss to coat. Serve with grilled bread.

Recipe: Simple Steak

Ingredients
  • Vegetable oil
  • 4 sirloin steaks
  • Kosher or sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
Preparation

Heat grill to medium high. Lightly oil the grates and then let them heat up.

Season steaks on both sides with salt and pepper. Place steaks on grill and let cook about 3 minutes per side (for rare).

Grill temperatures vary (that’s part of the fun), but in general, a 1-inch thick steak will take about 3 minutes per side for rare (140 degrees). Add about 1 minute per side per half inch of steak and another minute per side for desired doneness (rare, medium rare, medium, medium well, and well).

Serving Size

Serves 4 people

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